General Pet Care

Vaccinations

We take bookings for vaccination / health check appointments Monday to Friday 8am to 7pm and Saturday mornings 9am to 1pm.

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Puppy and Kitten course of vaccinations

It is estimated that less than 10% of the South African pet population is fully vaccinated, this means that pets are exposed to a very high risk. It is essential that puppies and kittens receive their full course of vaccinations from a veterinarian.

  • 6-8 weeks of age – First vaccination
  • 10-12 weeks of age – Second vaccination
  • 14-16 weeks of age – Third vaccination
  • 9 months of age – Fourth vaccination (Rabies booster)

Adult dogs and cats

Every 12 months dogs and cats should receive a booster vaccination and health check. It is said that pets age 7 years to our everyone so you can understand that a health check every year is essential. Valley Farm vet’s will provide you with a written report of your pet’s health check. If you are not sure of your pet’s vaccinations are up to date please call us and we will check on our system for you.

Why do we vaccinate? 

Everyone knows that puppies and kittens need vaccinations, just like babies. Most puppies and kittens get at least one vaccination but many do not get any other vaccinations during their life. For many pets this is not an issue they do not get sick with any of the vaccine preventable diseases but for others they do contract one of these diseases and become sick and even die.

The diseases we vaccinate dogs against:

  • Parvo Virus – bloody diarrhea, vomiting, fever, inappetence, collapsed. CAN BE FATAL.
  • Distemper – Feverocular and nasal discharge, behavioural changes, seizures. POOR PROGNOSIS EUTHANASIA OFTEN RECOMMENDED / OR FATAL.
  • Hepatitis – Fever, Loss of appetite, jaundice.
  • Canine parainfluenza virus – cough; pneumonia.
  • Canine adenovirus type 2. Corona virus– Cough; ocular and nasal discharge; high temperature; +/- pneumonia.
  • Bordetella bronchoseptica – Cough; nasal discharge; high temperature.
  • Leptospirosis – Jaundice; high temp; vomiting; diarrhea; bleeding. DEPENDS ON STRAIN BUT CAN BE FATAL
  • Rabies – change of temperament; muscle weakness; difficulty in swallowing. FATAL  CAN BE TRANSMITTED TO HUMANS.

Cat disease which we vaccinate against:

  • Feline calici virus – High Temperature; mouth ulcers; anorexia
  • Feline rhinotracheitis – Sneezing; high temperature; ocular/nasal discharge
  • Feline panleucopaenia virus – anorexia; high temperature; vomiting FATAL IN YOUNG KITTENS.
  • Rabies – change of temperament; muscle weakness; difficulty in swallowing. FATAL CAN BE TRANSMITTED TO HUMANS.
  • Bordetella bronchoseptica – high temperature; sneezing; nasal discharge
  • Chlamydia psittaci – sever conjunctivitis; sneezing
  • Feline leukaemia virus – Diseases associated: anemia; cancers; immunosuppression EVENTUALLY FATAL.

Puppies and Kittens

When a kitten or puppy is born it has no antibodies / immunity to diseases. The first milk, the colostrum has antibodies from the mother, maternal immunity. It essential for the baby to suckle within the first 12 hours to get this benefit. These antibodies only last for +/- six weeks so need to be replaced by antibodies produced by vaccinations.

This is why we give the first puppy / kitten vaccination at 6 weeks of age. This first vaccination primes the body to recognise the vaccination as a pathogen and the body’s immune system then makes antibodies against the disease.  It takes the body’s immune system about 3—4 weeks to make the antibodies. We would recommend that that a puppy or kitten is not re-homed until they are 8 weeks old, so the first vaccination is fully effective before they go out in to the big wide world!

Adults

Adult pets should get a Booster vaccination yearly. This booster vaccination is to refresh the body’s immune response to the disease. The annual booster vaccination for adult pets is essential not only to maintain maximum immunity but during the consultation the veterinarian can give your pet a through health check, answer any questions that you have, clip nails, express anal glands etc.

Dentistry

Dental care for pets is almost more vital than our own dental needs, as they cannot and generally do not tolerate tooth brushing! A cursory examination of your pets mouth will expose some of the problems, but we really only get the full picture once an exam under anesthetic is done.

An initial consultation with our dental vet; Dr Judith is advised. She can give an estimate of the work required and also of the expected costs. We perform routine dental procedures Monday to Friday – please phone 012 991 3573 for an appointment.

All pets requiring a scale and polish will have a general anesthetic so will need to have 12 hours without food and no water on the morning of the procedure. Often it is older pets that need dental treatment, and it may be necessary to run blood tests to check organ function and assess them for the anesthetic. To maximise safety we have a top  anesthetic team led by Dr Gareth Zeiler, a specialist animal anaesthetist.

The mouth is prepared for a proper examination by removing the surface tartar – this  scale and polish involves descaling the teeth using an ultrasonic descaler, which removes scale from the teeth with almost no damage to the enamel. The teeth and gums are then examined for any disease or damage, often aided by dental specific X-rays. Severely compromised teeth may need to be extracted.

When all the cleaning and extraction work is complete, the teeth are polished with a high-speed dental polisher and special paste. It is essential this is done as the ultrasonic scaler makes microscopic scratches in the tooth enamel which, if not polished out, will be an excellent place for food and bacteria to start to build up again.

Some patients may be sent home with a course of antibiotic tablets and/or painkillers. Older animals are often kept overnight to monitor their full recovery from the anesthetic, and to ensure they are eating well prior to going home.

Yearly check-ups will minimise potentially serious problems in your pet’s mouth and end up sparing them much discomfort – to wait until your pet is battling to eat or has a foul breath may be too late!

Many pet insurance companies cover dentistry, if your pet is insured find out if this is an option for you.

Parasites

How often do you treat your pets for ticks, fleas and worms? Ticks, fleas and worms will make your pet and you squirm! And, worse, they can make your pets very sick.

Fleas

Fleas are not life threatening but they can carry Tapeworm larvae, and for some pets their bite starts a nasty allergic reaction, Flea Allergic Dermatitis.

Fleas might have a preferred food source but they will bite and suck the blood of any warm body around, which could be you.

Fleas have been around for thousands of years and are very adaptable; they are most active in spring and autumn. Understanding their lifecycle is key to preventing these critters from infesting your pets and home.

Adult fleas are the life stage that will arrive on your pet. These adults feed and lay eggs. The eggs fall off your pet into the environment – your dog’s bed, the carpet, your bed. When the time is right these eggs hatch out into the next life stage, a larva. This microscopic worm burrows down away from light.

When it has eaten enough it pupates. This is the clever bit. The flea inside the pupae can wait until the conditions outside are optimal before hatching. The new adult flea needs warmth, humidity and food. How do they know ‘food’ is ready for them? They feel vibrations from movement and can also sense change in the level of COin the environment. For every adult you see there are eggs, larvae and pupae stages just waiting to re-infest your pets.

Ticks

Ticks carry serious diseases. It is important to understand that not all types of ticks carry these diseases and not all of the carrier type will be infected.

Ehrlichia canis: Spread by the Rhipicephalus sanguineus (brown dog tick). This is a parasite infestation of white blood cells.

Babesia Canis: Spread by Rhipicephalus sanguineus (brown dog tick). This is a parasite infestation of red blood cells. Can be fatal.

Hyalomma tick bite: Hyalomma tick bites cause death of extensive areas of tissue around the bite.

It is traditionally thought that ticks are picked up by pets out in the bush, but some ticks live just as happily in a domestic environment. Ticks have various hosts during their life-cycle, so even in your garden your pet could pick up a tick that was dropped off by a passing mouse, bird, etc.

The majority of tick-borne diseases are passed on when ticks feed off your pet, so to prevent them biting and living to continue feeding is the key. It is important to use a good quality anti-tick treatment and to follow the instructions. Frequent grooming and careful examination after walks to remove ticks before they attach is very effective.

Ehrlichia canis: This is found most often in dogs but can affect cats. In its acute form, this disease causes a high temperature, depression, anorexia and pale gums. It may be possible to see the parasite in the monocytes (white blood cells) in a blood sample taken from the dog’s ear. This disease is often seen in young animals who are still building their immunity.

Ehrlichia can become chronic, subclinical (no signs seen), causing more complications such as kidney damage. Pets who are not too sick will recover well with a course of antibiotics. Very sick animals have a much more guarded prognosis.

Babesia canis: This is most often found in dogs but cats can become infected. Of the various types of Babesia parasites one of the South African ones, Babesiacanis rossi, causes very severe disease. This parasite infests the red blood cells. Initial signs of infection are the same as for Ehrlichia. Very severe infections can cause death within one day. A mild uncomplicated case can be treated with a simple injection. Treatment for complicated cases is prolonged and expensive.

Hyalomma tick  bites: Although all ticks cause a local skin reaction, when the Hyalomma tick bites it causes the skin around the bite to die. This necrotic area can spread and become quite large, leaving a large open wound. This cannot be stitched until it is ascertained that no more skin is going to die off. These wounds heal very well, depending on the area where they are situated.

Tick and Flea Prevention

There are many types of anti-parasitic flea and tick treatments on the market. Our staff can assist you to set a protocol which will suit you and your pets. It is important to always follow the manufacture’s instructions, and we recommend year-round treatment due to the flea life-cycle and mild winters when ticks and fleas can remain active.

Worms

Dogs and cats are curious creatures and will sniff, lick, and eat all sorts of things whilst investigating their environment. Then, when they are done with that, they will greet each other, and you, with a lick and a nuzzle, and groom themselves and their friends. This is the way worms are transmitted.

Intestinal worms: hookworms, roundworms, tapeworms and whipworms. All of these except whipworm can infest humans.

Spirocerca lupi: Oesophageal worm

Intestinal worms often go undetected as patients are asymptomatic. A large infestation, or very young, very elderly, or immune compromised pets, can show signs such as loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhoea, anaemia, and weight loss.

Licking around the anus, or scooting on their bottom, can also be a sign of worms, especially tapeworm. Some life stages of these worms can migrate to other areas of the body such as the lungs, the eye, and muscle tissue etc.

Spirocerca lupi is a deadly worm that lives in the dog’s oesophagus. This worm is spread just like the others and burrows through the wall of the intestinal tract, through the blood vessels and then burrows into the wall of the oesophagus. The nodules that they create here, and live in, can, over time, become cancerous. Clinical signs of Spirocerca infestation are often only seen when the disease has progressed to a non-treatable stage.

Signs of Spirocerca are regurgitation of food, difficulty swallowing, and weight loss.

Worm Prevention

Deworming tablets and other preparations are safe and easy to give as many are made in a palatable form. Puppies and kittens should be dewormed monthly until six months of age, and adults dewormed a minimum of three times a year. It is essential to use a broad-spectrum de-wormer to cover all types of worms. Not all de-wormers are active against Spirocerca please ask staff about this to ensure your pets get the best cover.

Shop

We are open 24 hours a day, every day both at the practice and On-line for re-tail therapy

See our shop.

Valley Farm’s shop offers a wide range of high quality products for cats and dogs.

All our reception and shop staff undergo extensive pet nutrition training and product training, so can advise you on your purchases. Some of our staff have a special interest in dog behavior and can help with products and suggestions to help solve your dog’s problems. All their advice can be backed up by veterinary expertise on hand with doctors available for consultations.

 

Our staff will be happy to carry and load items in to your car.

We can also have your purchases couriered to your door within 48hours of purchase. Delivery is free for purchases over R800 within the Pretoria area.

 

Please call ahead if you want to check availability of a product – if we don’t have an item we will try to source it for you and will contact you when it arrives.

To place an order for food or merchandise call us on 012 991 3573 or mail your order to deliana@valleyfarmvet.co.za. We will SMS you when your order is ready for collection or ask for us to courier it.

Dog Foods in stock

  • Hills Science Plan
  • Hills Prescription foods
  • Royal Canin
  • Royal Canin Prescription foods
  • Ultra Dog
  • Acana & Orijen
  • Weruva tin foods

Cat Foods in Stock

  • Hills Science Plan
  • Hills Prescription foods
  • Royal Canin
  • Royal Canin Prescription foods
  • Acana & Orijen
  • Weruva tin foods
  • Ultra Cat

All the foods we sell in the shop come with a 100% money back guarantee, because we know how good they are! If your pet won’t eat the food or if does not suit them we will refund your money if you return the remaining food (more than 50% of the bag) to us in the original packaging.

Merchandise items

We know that your pet is a member of the family and that you want to spoil them and buy them the best. Our large range of products has something for everyone. We stock many rages of pet toys, some just fun and some that help with dental care, or to give your pet a challenge and keep them busy when you are not there.

 

Every pet needs a bed, a place of their own. With our huge range of sizes, styles and price you should get just the right one.

We have a range of over the counter products for fleas, ticks and worms as well as shampoos, ear cleaners and supplements. For senior pets we have steps and ramps to help with mobility. Training aids such as puppy training pads, doggie diapers, Avert spray, odor and stain removing products, bark control collars, invisible fencing, and thunder shirts are stocked.

We stock treats, bowls, grooming brushes and combs, carry boxes and the full range of Rogz collars and leads. In fact anything you might need for your cat or dog.

Weight Loss Clinics

Nutrition is very important for healthy growth and to maintain a healthy body.  One of the most common nutritional problems we see in pets is obesity. Obesity in pets is best measured by looking at the pet and assessing the amount of fat covering specific areas of the body. Just as in humans obesity brings with it a whole range of other health concerns and diseases.

Thankfully there are specifically formulated veterinary foods to assist your pet’s weight loss. Feeding regular foods but reducing the quantity can result in nutrient deficiencies and hungry pets. Many veterinary diet foods are formulated to make your pet feel full longer so that they do not beg.

Our staff will calculate your pet’s required weight loss and then work out a feeding plan that will give safe and steady weight loss using a prescription diet food.

It may be preferable to join our weight loss program with regular weigh-ins and check up with us. We can offer you hints and tips on how to make the process as easy as possible for both you and your pet.

Other nutritional issues can be food allergies that manifest as digestive problems or skin / ears problems. Allergies can be difficult to diagnose and treat.

Your pet relies on you for everything in life and feeding them well, keeping them slim and healthy is one of the most important things that you can do.

Puppy classes

School for puppies and their families

Valley Farm Animal Hospital Puppy School cates for puppies between 8 and 20 weeks of age. Our classes are split for different age groups to cater for their specific needs. The pups between 8 and 16 weeks of age make up one class and the older pups between 16 and 20 weeks the other class.

A new term starts every two months. The classes usually take place on a Tuesday or Thursday evening from 7.30pm to 8.30pm

 

Each term is six weeks long and covers the full range of subjects. Our trainers believe hands-on puppy time is essential in class so we use a private What’s App group covering important theory topics for additional information ie video and article links.

 

Our teachers are all trained by Dr Quixi Sonntag, veterinarian and animal behaviour expert. Their knowledge and passion make Valley Farm Animal Hospital Puppy School perfect for all levels of puppy owner; from the novice, never had a pup before, to the old hand with many years’ experience.

 

There is always something new to learn!

 

Our Grade One pups (8-16weeks) learn how to cope with every day situations as well as all the basic commands they need such as sit, walk to heel etc., our teachers will alert you to possible problems by teaching you to recognise your, and your pup’s, behaviours.

The older pups (16-20weeks) course is aimed more at assisting owners with problem behaviours such as barking and digging. We will also focus on the handling of your pet, giving tablets and ensuring your pup is well socialised and comfortable in new environments.

 

Our teachers train you to train your pup with positive reinforcement. We use fun games, supervised puppy play time, and plenty of hands-on support for you and puppy.

 

Our obstacle course to test everyone’s training in lesson six is always great fun. Of course the teachers are here to answer any puppy-related questions you may have.

 

The teachers also pride themselves on having the best Puppy School graduates teaching you to teach your pup some fun tricks to wow your family and friends.

The classes are held at the practice which gives your puppy a chance to become familiar with the sights, sounds and smells of the practice in a positive atmosphere. Should it be necessary we also offer additional de-sensitisation visits. There is no charge for these.

You will receive a file with class notes and handouts for you to do your homework and document puppy’s progress. The homework for each class is always fun and relevant and we reward you with a take home doggy pack. The homework subjects include nutrition, grooming, parasites and first aid.

The cost per course is R950.

For more information about our Puppy School, or to enrol for a course, please email us on reception@valleyfarmvet.co.za\

Pups must have had at least their first vaccination ten days before they start classes and keep up to date with their vaccines during the course.

Remember, we are not just training puppies, we are also teaching you, their owner, to communicate with them and to learn their body language. This will mean you are better equipped to have your puppy in the human world, so that you both can live a happy life together.

See us on Facebook.

Hairy Hounds grooming at Valley Farm

To book your dog or cat for grooming, please call Dave on 083 268 6164.

Hairy Hounds business hours are:

  • Tuesday to Friday:  08:00 with last pets in at 14:00
  • Saturday: 07:30 with last pets in at 14:00

We do provide a home collection and drop off service in the local area.

More about grooming

Grooming of your pet plays an integral part in your pet’s wellbeing and health care. All types of coats, when washed and groomed make for happy pets and happy owners.

 

We recommend grooming starts at an early age, as this allows for the pet to be able to adjust to the situation and to make the whole grooming experience enjoyable for both pet and pet owner. Experience of this has shown time and again how well pets handle this process when this procedure is followed.

 

Our handlers and groomers are very experienced and even older pets that are unused to grooming generally settle down and allow us to do the job.

There are a number of breeds that will require professional grooming. This can be determined when checking for the breed which you and your family wish to make part of your home.  We don’t recommend clipping of doubled coated dogs. How ever this may change on medical advice.

We can clip and style breeds to their specific standards as requested.

We all live very busy lives and we are not always aware that there may be skin issues or injuries that have occurred. Your groomer is likely to find these and bring these matters to your attention.

We work on an appointment basis, therefore ensuring that your pet will get the desired attention.

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